Keyboard shortcuts can often save time, especially when editing documents or surfing the web.
The following may help you navigate your computer and the Internet more easily. These are just a few of many Windows keyboard shortcuts.
The following is a skeleton list of basic UNIX shell commands and MSDOS or Windows equivalents.
||Copy a file from one place to another.
Syntax: cp [source] [destination]
||Kill a process.
How to use: Use the ps command to find a process. In BSD or Linux, try ps aux.
Then, copy the process ID (pid) and type kill [pid]. If that doesn't work, try
kill -9 [pid]. (The parameter -9 will force the process to die no matter what.)
|(Slightly comparable to hitting Alt+Ctrl+Del)
||Get the current working directory.
||None; however, DOS shells after DOS 5.0 usually display this information on the command line
||List the contents of the current directory
||man will call up a manual on a specified command.
Syntax: man [command]
||Make a new directory. Syntax: mkdir [name]
||Move a file or directory from one place to another.
Syntax: mv [source] [destination]
||List processes. Can be used to view system processes and user processes.
||None in DOS; in Windows NT, 2000, and XP, hitting Alt+Ctrl+Del is comparable.
||Remove a file.
||Remove an empty directory.
Note: use rm -r [directory] to remove a directory with files in it.
||Get information on a domain.
Example: whois megapipe.net
||Log into a remote terminal. Syntax: ssh [username]@[host]
||Before Windows 10, no default Windows equivalent. plink.exe is a Windows command environment alternative; putty.exe is a Windows application that allows for remote shell access. See list of suggested
Windows software for system and remote administration. SSH discussed here. Windows 10 includes ssh command.
||The ftp command allows you to send files from your local machine to a remote host.
||Windows 95, 98, NT, and XP all come with the same command built in. Starting with Windows Vista, it is possible that you will need to install the command explicitly.
The find command is a common UNIX/Linux utility. Its parameters and features might vary across platforms.