Keyboard shortcuts can often save time, especially when editing documents or surfing the web.
The following may help you navigate your computer and the Internet more easily. These are just a few of many Windows keyboard shortcuts.
The following is a skeleton list of basic UNIX shell commands and MSDOS or Windows equivalents.
||Copy a file from one place to another.
Syntax: cp [source] [destination]
||Kill a process.
How to use: Use the ps command to find a process. In BSD or Linux, try ps aux.
Then, copy the process ID (pid) and type kill [pid]. If that doesn't work, try
kill -9 [pid]. (The parameter -9 will force the process to die no matter what.)
|(Slightly comparable to hitting Alt+Ctrl+Del)
||Get the current working directory.
||None; however, DOS shells after DOS 5.0 usually display this information on the command line
||List the contents of the current directory
||man will call up a manual on a specified command.
Syntax: man [command]
||Make a new directory. Syntax: mkdir [name]
||Move a file or directory from one place to another.
Syntax: mv [source] [destination]
||List processes. Can be used to view system processes and user processes.
||None in DOS; in Windows NT, 2000, and XP, hitting Alt+Ctrl+Del is comparable.
||Remove a file.
||Remove an empty directory.
Note: use rm -r [directory] to remove a directory with files in it.
||Get information on a domain.
Example: whois megapipe.net
||Log into a remote terminal. Syntax: ssh [username]@[host]
||No direct equivalent. plink.exe is a Windows command environment alternative; putty.exe is a Windows application that allows for remote shell access. See list of suggested
Windows software for system and remote administration.
||The ftp command allows you to send files from your local machine to a remote host.
||Windows 95, 98, NT, and XP all come with the same command built in. Starting with Windows Vista, it is possible that you will need to install the command explicitly.